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Lisbon StrategyLisbon AgendaLisbon Process
Background and objectives
- Innovation as the motor for economic change (based on the writings of Joseph Schumpeter)
- The "learning economy"
- Social and environmental renewal
Under the strategy, a stronger economy would create employment in the EU, alongside inclusive social and environmental policies, which would themselves drive economic growth even further.
An EU research group found in 2005 that current progress had been judged "unconvincing", so a reform process was introduced wherein all goals would be reviewed every three years, with assistance provided on failing items.
Key thinkers and concepts
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- Europe 2020, the updated strategy for the next decade
- Economy of the European Union
- Aho report
- Community patent
- European Institute of Technology (EIT)
- Innovative Medicines Initiative
- Knowledge triangle
- Sapir Report
- Science and technology in Europe
- Transatlantic Business Dialogue, which took part in the report for a new restart of the agenda
- Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE)
- European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC)
- Maria João Rodrigues (2003), European Policies for a Knowledge Economy, Edward Elgar.
- Maria João Rodrigues (2009), Europe, Globalization and the Lisbon Agenda in collaboration with I. Begg, J. Berghman, R. Boyer, B. Coriat, W. Drechsler, J. Goetschy, B.Å. Lundvall, P.C. Padoan, L. Soete, M. Telò and A. Török, Edward Elgar.
- Arno Tausch (2010), Titanic 2010?: The European Union and Its Failed Lisbon Strategy (European Political, Economic and Security Issues Series) Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers
- Aristovnik, Aleksander & Andrej, Pungartnik, 2009. "Analysis of reaching the Lisbon Strategy targets at the national level: the EU-27 and Slovenia", MPRA Paper 18090, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Official EU summary on the Lisbon Strategy
- Sapir, André (2003): An Agenda for a Growing Europe, Making the EU Economic System Deliver. Report of an Independent High-Level Study Group established on the initiative of the President of the European Commission
- Euractiv background article about the Lisbon Agenda
- Stefan Collignon, Forward with Europe: a democratic and progressive reform agenda after the Lisbon strategy, Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Internat. Politikanalyse, April 2008.
- The Economist – Charlemagne Blog: Do Europeans want a dynamic economy?
- Joachim Fritz-Vannahme, Armando García Schmidt, Dominik Hierlemann, Robert Vehrkamp: "Lisbon – A Second Shot", spotlight europe 2010/02, February 2010, Bertelsmann Stiftung (PDF, 340 kB)
- Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Study Group Europe: Paving the way for a sustainable European prosperity strategy, February 2010 (PDF, 135 kB)
- Network of towns inspired by Lisbon Strategy
- European Trade Union Confederation update on the Lisbon strategy
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| Major dimensions |
| Major thinkers |
| Concepts |
| Frameworks and tools |
Components of strategy
- Diagnosis: "This Government, as promised, has maintained the closest surveillance of the Soviet military buildup on the island of Cuba. Within the past week, unmistakable evidence has established the fact that a series of offensive missile sites are now in preparation on that imprisoned island. The purpose of these bases can be none other than to provide a nuclear strike capability against the Western Hemisphere."
- Guiding Policy: "Our unswerving objective, therefore, must be to prevent the use of these missiles against this or any other country, and to secure their withdrawal or elimination from the Western Hemisphere."
- Action Plans: First among seven numbered steps was the following: "To halt this offensive buildup a strict quarantine on all offensive military equipment under shipment to Cuba is being initiated. All ships of any kind bound for Cuba from whatever nation or port will, if found to contain cargoes of offensive weapons, be turned back." 
Formulating and implementing strategy
- Strategy as plan – a directed course of action to achieve an intended set of goals; similar to the strategic planning concept;
- Strategy as pattern – a consistent pattern of past behavior, with a strategy realized over time rather than planned or intended. Where the realized pattern was different from the intent, he referred to the strategy as emergent;
- Strategy as position – locating brands, products, or companies within the market, based on the conceptual framework of consumers or other stakeholders; a strategy determined primarily by factors outside the firm;
- Strategy as ploy – a specific maneuver intended to outwit a competitor; and
- Strategy as perspective – executing strategy based on a "theory of the business" or natural extension of the mindset or ideological perspective of the organization.
Strategies in game theory
Strategy based games generally require a player to think through a sequence of solutions to determine the best way to defeat the opponent.
- Concept Driven Strategy
- Odds algorithm (odds strategy)
- Strategy game
- Strategy pattern
- Strategic planning
- Strategic management
- Burgleman, James. Strategy is Destiny (2002) http://www.amazon.com/Strategy-Is-Destiny-Strategy-Making-Companys/dp/0684855542
- Freedman, Lawrence. Strategy: A History (2013) excerpt
- Heuser, Beatrice. The Evolution of Strategy (2010) 
- Kvint, Vladimir. Strategy for the Global Market: Theory and Practical Applications (2016) Excerpt from Google Books
|Look up strategy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
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